Peru’s climate is as varied as other countries’ based on the specific geography and region, from the tropical coastlines to frigid mountain ranges. The climate of Peru will vary like any other country, based on the many different geographical features you’ll find there. Here’s a brief overview of each of Peru’s breathtaking regions and how the climate differs between them, which can help you get started planning a Tour of Peru.
The Peruvian Coast
Peru’s Pacific coastline stretches for 1,500 miles along the western edge of the country. Desert landscapes are very common in this lowland region.
The cool currents of the Pacific Ocean keep temperatures lower than would be expected. It has a coastal fog, called garúa, that often covers the Peruvian capital, providing some much-needed moisture while further dulling the smoggy skies above Lima most of the time.
The coastal deserts continue south through Nazca and on to the Chilean border. The southern city of Arequipa lies between the coast and the foothills of the Andes. Here, deep canyons cut through the rugged landscape, while towering volcanoes rise up from the lowland plains.
Along the north coast you will find the cities like Tumbes, Piura, Chiclayo and Trujillo. Here you will see dry deserts and coastal fog give way to a greener region of tropical savanna, mangrove swamps, and dry forests. The north is also home to some of the country’s most popular beaches, There is also a famous town called Mancora. On the north you will get white sand and warm beaches.
The Peruvian Highlands
The Andes mountain range in Peru is the main factor of climate changes. The Andes mountain range separates the western and eastern flanks from our country, which produce colder temperatures and frost.
On the Andes we find the altiplano or high plains region located at the south of Peru, extending to Bolivia, north of Chile and Argentina. This region is whipped by the icy winds and home of meadows extensions, volcanoes, and lakes. For example, in this region you will find Puno with the famous Titicaca lake, which extends to Bolivia, is typically icy.
The Peruvian Jungle
This is a region that is located in the Amazon Basin, a transition zone between the eastern foothills from Andean highlands and the low jungle.
This region of foggy forest and highland jungle is known as the Ceja de Selva (eyebrow of the jungle) in this region as example we found famous cities like Tarapoto, tingo Maria.
The weather in this region is relatively hot and humid throughout the year. The normal high temperature during the day is 31 degrees Celsius and the lowest at the night is 17 degrees celsius (62 Fahrenheit) and the humidity would between 80 and 90 percent.
The Selva Alta are dense and relatively flat lowland jungles of the Amazon Basin. We can observe here that the rivers replace the roads because its seems the roads are the public’s buses. You’ll also find boats that navigate the long and wide affluents of the Amazonas river, arriving at the main river, El Amazonas. In this area you’ll find the famous city of Iquitos to the northeast of Peru, which is one of the hotter regions.
According to studies, the Peruvian jungle covers approximately the 63 percent of national territory but only contains eleven percent of the country’s population with the exception of large cities such as Puerto Maldonado, Iquitos, and Pucallpa. Generally the settlements are small and isolated. The majority of jungle settlements are located in the shore of a river or on the shore of a lake.
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